tv Senator Marco Rubio R-FL on U.S. Policy Toward China CSPAN August 30, 2015 9:00pm-9:46pm EDT
stationary lean back experience of the living room, but very much a mobile experience. it is not just tv. it is also video. >> monday night at 8:00 p.m. eastern on c-span 2. >> senator marco rubio on friday called for a tougher military stance on china. he said if elected president, he would ask china to release political prisoners. the speech came at a event in south carolina. [applause] >> good morning. it is my pleasure to welcome you here this morning. thank you for being here and your strong support of our chamber as leadership circle
investors. your funding commitment is fueling the success of our advancement efforts. one of your benefits is access to our region, state, nation's top political leaders. with the pending that by the february 2016 south carolina primary, we make the commitment to attract as many political leaders as possible. this morning, we are privileged to introduce u.s. senator marco rubio. marco rubio is the junior united states senator from florida serving since 2011. he was speaker of the house for florida state legislator and served as a state representative from 2000 to 2008. he's sits on the committee on commerce, transportation, committee on foreign-policy, select committee on intelligence
and small business and entrepreneurship. please join me in giving a welcome to marco rubio. [applause] mr. rubio: thank you. i'm grateful you would give me this chance to speak to you today and i would like to thank you for that opportunity and for being here today to listen to me talk about something of importance. i wanted to discuss china's rise in global affairs. what i will do as president to ensure it does not undermine american interest. is there any doubts about the importance of this topic to the , the financial reports of the last weekend but them to rest area -- rest. thank you.
due to a large crash in stock market on monday, our markets suffered. the worst day in four years. insecurity and anxiety already high about the future climbed even higher. it is a giant illustration of how our economy has changed. how our economy has changed over the last. for millions of american families. in the 21st century, what happens across the world can impact american families as much as what happens across town. doctors before nations are increasingly our business, whether we like it or not. and this is especially true with regards to china. in this new century, china presents opportunities and challenges to our people. trade with the growing middle class has opened our businesses to hundreds of millions of new customers. south carolina can especially a test for this. in 2013, china consumed $4.2 billion of goods and services produced in the state. that is more than any other country. that supports thousands of south carolina jobs. because of good policies from your governor and legislature, textile jobs was taken by china are now returning. as he found out this week, the
negative effects of china's economic meddling are severe. the chinese government's efforts to devalue its currency and bring global trade are a threat to economic interest. china is going to our national security. earlier this year, it was behind the largest cyber attack ever carried out against the united states. its current ruler, xi jinping, is trying to convince his 1.3 billion people that the way to reestablish chinese greatness is to undermine the united states and enhance china's influence at our expense. to this end, he is asserting control over the east and south china seas through which more than half of global commerce passes each day. this is beijing's way of gaining leverage over the world. it has unilaterally declared and their defense identification some over international water which of the territory of our
ally japan. in the south china sea, beijing has dispatched ships, planes, moved oil rigs and be constructed artificial island in an attempt to strengthen its position militarily. under xi jinping's rule, they have intensified their campaign to push america out of asia, denouncing our long-standing alliances with other democracies like japan and the philippines. developing weapons that threaten our bases and our naval assets and declaring that asian affairs should be left "to the people of asia." china aims to make it so costly and difficult for america to get involved in the region so that we will not even bother. in short, what china is doing is everything it can to make the 21st century a chinese century. if you want to know what the chinese century would look like for the world, then look no further than what it means now. how the government treats its own people. it just the last year, it has
rounded up human rights advocates and thrown them into prison. it has torn down churches and oppressed christians and forced parents to get abortions. it detained political dissidents without trial or legal recourse. it undermined the economy of hong kong and tightened controls on the internet. this is a disgrace. we should stand against it. america holds nothing but good will towards the people of china. i believe the moment they finally attain true freedom, that moment will fundamentally alter the course of human history and the benefit of the economic and strategic interests of the united states and the world. freedom for the people of china must be our goal, but sadly, it has not been the goal of our current president. he has only appeased our -- their oppressive leaders in the face of human rights abuses. he failed to respond adequately
to the unprecedented breaches of our corporate and governmental computer networks and he has given our allies reason to the -- to doubt our commitment to their security. the fact that china is drawing more assertive by the day suggests that its leaders, that its rulers should the same doubts about america's resolve. president obama has hoped that by the more open to china, we would make them a more responsible nation, but it has not worked. we can no longer succumb to the solution that more dialogue alone with china and its current rulers will now they're the cap -- will narrow the gaps and valleys in interest that separate us. that is why while i do not believe we should cancel xi jinping's visit to washington
next month. this is an opportunity to speak what late to this authoritarian ruler, not to treat him to state dinner. this is one of the reasons that hillary clinton will not become president. while her tenure as secretary of state was a disaster we are sure that she will run on it in the regular, general election. we have to put forward a nominee with the experience and record of judgment necessary to take a -- to take her to task. our party's nominee must understand the global challenges we face in the 21st century if i am our party's nominee, and clinton will not be able to lecture me on foreign affairs, from libya, from syria, to ukraine, and china. i have called for the appropriate course of action, even before they have been made popular.
asia has been a particular interest for me. in the last congress, i was the senate republican responsible for overseeing u.s. policy towards asia and last year had the privilege of visiting multiple allies in east asia to highlight the importance of our partnership. the republican nominee must have a plan to correct u.s.-china relations. that is why i thank you for this opportunity to offer it before you. as president, my approach towards china will adhere to the principles of my foreign policy which i outlined at the beginning of this campaign. my goal will be to restore national security and the region interest. to protect our economic well-being and advanced because of freedom and human rights around the world. the first goal will be restoring american strength, to ensure that the united states remains a pacific power. while china has increased his
defense spending by another 10% this year, the obama administration has cut defense spending by nearly $1 trillion over a decade. our navy is now smaller than any time since before world war i. our army is headed pre-world war ii levels. and our air force has the smallest and oldest combat force in its entire history. if elected, i will end defense sequestration and restore the pentagon's budget to appropriate levels. doing so will allow us to ensure that our carrier feet is sufficient to support forward deployment of a second carrier fleet to the pacific. we will build virginia class submarines at a rate of two per year.
we will create long-range precision strike systems, protect our satellite in space capabilities from attack, and defense missile systems to where our women and men are employed drop the region. stronger military strength in asia will also require strengthening our alliances. our treaty allies and partners depend upon the weight of their friendship with america to keep china off of their doorstep. when i am president, instead of inviting china to military exercises, we will conduct them. we will conduct joint controls with our partners to challenge any attempt to close off international waters or airspace. we will seek enhanced access across the region and deploy additional air and naval assets contested areas. we will confront chinese propaganda in asia by highlighting u.s. resolve. if china continues to use military force to advance
illegitimate claims, we will not hesitate to take appropriate action. we will also promote collaboration between our allies and partners. america cannot bear the full burden of balancing china's power. enhancing coordination between japan, korea, the philippines, taiwan, singapore, the of, and mongolia among others, this serves our interest. promoting democracy around china is an important way to promote democracy within china. taiwan, for instance, provides a powerful model for how traditional chinese culture can indeed coexist with democracy. my second goal is in relation to china is of particular relevance this week. that is protecting the american economy. until recently china has experienced impressive economic
growth, by copying parts of the capitalist model. at the same time, it has damaged other economies, including our own, by bending and breaking the rules of economic trade to achieve its own ends. it has subsidized exports, devalued and manipulated its currency. it has restricted imports and stolen technology on a massive and unprecedented scale. as president i will respond to chinese economic misconduct. not through aggressive retaliation which could hurt us as much as them, but by reinforcing our insistence on free markets and free trade. this means immediately moving forward with the trans-pacific partnership and other trade agreements that strengthen strategic ties with our partners in asia. we will not build exclusionary trade blocs, but nor will we allow china to reap the full benefits of american-led
commerce unless it fundamentally changes its attitudes and policies. in the 21st century, economic security and national security depends on cyber security as well. no longer will china hack our government and corporate servers without ease and without consequences. i will fortify our cyber defenses. i will work with other nations to pressure china to hold its use of espionage. i will coordinate international efforts to identify and punish any chinese nationals who violate this. we will impose sanctions and penalties on chinese companies that can be shown to have profited from pirating our software, or any other intellectual property. we must also restrict beijing's access to strategically sensitive technology. we can no longer afford to enable the growth of chinese military power in pursuit of short-term gain. our third goal in relation to
china concerns not just what we do, it concerns who we are. we must stand on the side of freedom and human rights, both inside china and on its periphery. it is our moral, and also strategic imperative. the obama administration has had little to say about the absence of religious and political freedom in china, or the deteriorating human rights situation. governments built on repression are like houses built on sand. helping the chinese people achieve freedom and democracy is not just our moral duty, it will have a profound effect on global prosperity and on our security. when i am president, beijing will not receive a free pass on human rights. i will instruct all u.s. officials meeting with their
chinese counterparts to list political prisoners by name and press for their unconditional release. i will impose visa bans and asset freezes on chinese officials who violate human rights. i will do all i can to empower chinese citizens to breach what has been called the great firewall of china, and gain access to news and information online about their country and the world. and finally, i will understand the presidency is the most visible office in the world. and it comes with that ability, and also a responsibility to lead by example. the president can spend powerful messages through simple actions. to show his or her support for religious freedom. i will send a message to the
world before i even take the oath of office. i will invite chinese dissidents and other freedom fighters from around the road to be honored guest at the inauguration. i will personally engage rights activists and other such as students in hong kong or beleaguered lawyers, dissidents on the mainland, persecuted tibetan monks and nuns, like the american people will value basic human dignity and liberty. there will one day be leaders of the democratic china, and these are the leaders worthy of a red carpet welcome in washington, d.c. let me close by saying despite the challenges that we face in regard to china the opportunities are truly even greater. in our international economy, the ability to trade is really greater than it has ever been. the ability of students to travel abroad and learn is
greater than it has ever been. the ability to innovate through cooperation and competition is greater than it has ever been. china and america are the longer -- the largest economies on earth. if our people are allowed to cooperate uneconomic futures, they can change the world for the better. next wednesday presents us with an important chance to reflect on that fact. it is the 70th anniversary of the allied victory in the pacific, which effectively ended the second world war. look at what economic cooperation has brought. millions of people in the asia-pacific region, from south korea and japan, and even many parts of china, people who just decades ago lived in poverty and despair now live in the middle class. their children have the opportunity to live an even better life.
that is an extraordinary achievement, but one that would have been impossible without the stability american leadership has offered in the region since the end of the second world war. through freedom of the seas, through established international norms, and the military power to approximate a the american century shows us what had happened when freedom overtakes oppression. when democracy overtakes is totalitarianism. we cannot walk away from everything we have achieved in that regard. we must not overlook the fundamental fact about america's relationship with china, what is at stake is nothing less than the type of world that we will leave our children and our grandchildren. in the world we leave behind, what nation will be the dominant example for the world? a country like modern china, or a country like ours? that is what is at stake in the years ahead. starting with this election, and i'm confident and i know that we will make the right choice. thank you very much. i appreciate the opportunity to
speak. [applause] >> the c-span cities tour visits literary and historic sites across the nation to your from local historians, authors, and leaders every other weekend on c-span 2's book tv and american history tv on c-span 3. this month, the city's tour is on c-span each weekday at 6:00 p.m. eastern. monday, we travel to tokyo, kansas. we will hear about the violent conversations -- confrontations from the 1860's over whether kansas should be a free state or slave state. the c-span cities tour of topeka, kansas, monday at 6:00
p.m. eastern here on c-span. >> monday night on, "the communicators," the 20th anniversary of digital television. mark taher discusses how modern television has changed. >> what many of us, and that is increasing every day, are watching is a multi screen world. that has been one of the more exciting outcomes of this whole digital revolution. it used to be there was a stationary screen, and that was a big screen in the living room. with the internet and the wireless world extending things, now you have tablets and smartphones and wi-fi all over the place, such that tv is not just the stationary lean back experience of the living room, but a mobile experience wherever
you want to go. it is also video. >> monday night at 8:00 eastern on "the communicators" on c-span 2. >> republican presidential candidate scott walker outline his foreign policy goals on friday in a speech at the citadel in south carolina. the governor called for a no-fly zone over syria, increasing military spending, more government surveillance, and increasing security on the border with mexico. >> good afternoon. let's try that again -- good afternoon. that's what i like to hear. my name is evan oliver, vice president of external affairs. i would like to thank governor scott walker for coming today and providing this lunch.
it is my honor to introduce governor scott walker. [applause] governor walker: thank you. thank you, cadet oliver and good luck to your future service to the united states army. we appreciate that. it is a great honor to be with you, the cadets of the citadel. thank you to the cadets, in particular, the citadel republican society for help in hosting not only me but my wife. the united states faces some serious threats today and there are some who would question whether our leaders are able to rise to the challenges of our time and whether our country is capable of continued greatness. they suggest that our best days may have already come and gone. i do not share that view of
america. you see, the greatness of america is certainly not determined by the politicians in washington who merely follow while others lead or spend all their days discussing the problem but never acting. future leaders of this exceptional country are sitting here, in this room, and in similar places across america. those of you who will join the military like others on the front lines around the world and across our services, you, you are modern-day patriots. you will be sworn to defend our constitution and keep danger from our shores, willing to risk your lives for liberty. you will lead others into the maelstrom as they risk theirs. you will not sign up to be
nation builders are diplomatic pawns, you will be warriors to freedom. america need not fear when the select of the core of the cadets reports for duty. when many of you take the oath, you will be making a solemn promise to the people of the united states of america. today, i will make one to you. if elected president, i will send you into battle when, and only when, our national security is at risk, and i will send you with a plan for victory. if i have the honor of serving as your commander and chief, our forces will be strong, our weapons will be modern, and america will be unintimidated. today, i have a question -- are we safer now than we were seven years ago? anyone who believes the answer to that question is yes should probably vote for former secretary of state hillary clinton.
sadly, i believe the answer is no. america is not safer. since secretary clinton took charge of our nation's diplomacy, we abandoned american leadership in the world, forgotten that america is an exceptional country and lost faith in america's ability to influence world events. the results speak for themselves. hillary clinton tried to appease vladimir putin with the reset button. sensing weakness, he has rejoined the map of europe with loaded guns. he is dismembering ukraine, trying to destroy nato, and threatening to use nuclear weapons. hillary clinton a pivot to asia that proved hollow, and she downplayed china's abysmal human rights records. this is the result -- the chinese are aggressively expanding their territories,
building islands of military bases in the south china sea. beijing conducts massive cyber attacks against the united states, stealing classified military data, sealing the personal information of millions of americans, and stealing billions of dollars in intellectual property. sadly, there is more. hillary clinton, hillary clinton pushed for the war in libya. then she stood by the caskets of christopher stevens, sean smith, tyrone woods, and glenn doherty. she stood by the caskets, looked in the eyes of their parents and pointed to a youtube video she knew, she knew was not the cause of their deaths in benghazi.
that is outrageous. today, libya is officially a terrorist safe haven. we continue to deal with these and other disasters, consequences of her decisions as secretary of state. everywhere in the world that hillary clinton has touched is worse off today than before she and the president took office. earlier this year, the director of national intelligence testified before congress that 2014 was the most lethal year for tourism, for terrorism in the 45 years. the most lethal year for terrorism in the 45 years that they had collected data. the obama-clinton foreign-policy of leading from behind is not working and sadly, we're headed toward the disaster. in the real world, the world
outside of washington, when you fail at one job, you do not get promoted to another. you get fired. political rhetoric will not keep us safe. we have had enough of a president who proclaims that the greatest threat to future generations is climate change. america can and must do better. at the very least, you all here and others like you across this country, you deserve a commander in chief who tells you the truth. here it is -- we are at war. at war with radical islamic terrorism. it will not go away overnight. this is a generational struggle and these radical groups will continue to grow if we do not destroy them. yes, the world is complex, but there are simple things out there.
there is good and there is bad. america is a force for good in the world, but radical islamic terrorists are agents of pure evil. last week -- next week is the 70th anniversary of the end of world war ii. as we look back, this should remind us of our world of americans. our history of being called at times to confront fanatical evil. consider isis, the best trained and the best funded terrorist organization in the world. it has carved out a caliphate and built a terrorist army in the heart of the middle east. each day, it grows stronger, attracting tens of thousands of foreign fighters and jihadists from all over the world. isis enslaves christian minorities, targets the jewish
people, and burns innocent muslims alive in cages. in cages. isis militants rape girls as in -- as young as nine and sell women into sex slavery. the human toll of these evil, unthinkable actions is immeasurable. hearing gutwrenching stories of americans held hostage, tortured, raped, and executed by these radicals makes my blood boil. by the grace of god, and by the strength of men and women like you, america can and will defeat this evil and eradicate this threat to america. isis is a radical perversion of sunni islam, but there is another face of islamic extremism and that is a shiite regime in iran.
today, the islamic republic of iran remains the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism. you see, iran is not the country we should be doing business with. i still remember tying ribbons around the tree in front of our house with my brother during the 444 days that iran had 52 americans hostage. iran has not changed a much in the 3.5 decades instead. even as we speak, iran is holding four other americans. tomorrow marks the anniversary of the capture of a former u.s. marine. i had a chance to meet with amir's family in michigan and it is a stain on our nation's honor that our countrymen languish in iranian prisons while america is
freeing up billions of dollars for the world's leading sponsor of terrorism and legitimizing their massive nuclear program. it is not just the hostages whom president obama has abandoned in this deal. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu is right when he says the deal puts us all in danger. iran will expand its destructive influence in iraq, syria, lebanon, and increased support to proxies like hamas and hezbollah which seek to destroy places like israel. confronted by these forms of evil, president obama and hillary clinton seems somehow to believe that they can sit on the sidelines hoping iran will defeat isis for them. they fail to realize that in
this prevailing anarchy, the two sides feed off of each other, growing stronger at the expense of our sunni and shia allies trapped in the middle. over the last seven years, we have seen far too much of this delusion and wishful thinking to believe that a stable and lasting middle east can be built by working with iran anymore than by working with isis as a -- isn't statesmanship. it is pure fantasy. the threat for radical islamic terrorism is real and it is not limited to the middle east. we have already seen traces of it on american soil in the attacks on fort hood, boston, and chattanooga. i have a plan to keep our children and our grandchildren safe from the threats of radical islamic terrorism. first, we need to secure our homeland. to do that, we need to admit
that our southern border is riddled with holes. you see, the islamic extremists and other terrorists are most likely using the same trails into our homeland as the drug cartels, the weapon smugglers, and the human traffickers. we must secure our border at any cost. an addition, we must provide the personnel and technology to maintain it but there is more. the fbi is investigating isis in all 50 states. we need to restore counterterrorism, surveillance programs, invest into cyber tools, and improve intelligence and law-enforcement cooperation to catch terrorists before they strike. next, we need to fight terrorists abroad before they come to america. since many of you cadets will be part of that fight, i want to assure you that we will fight to
win. we will fight to win. far from beating isis, president obama is barely disrupting it. his actual goal is to contain isis until he leaves office, all while accommodating iran. my goal will be to defeat isis and rollback iran's influence in the region. you see, these strategic objectives will guide our military commanders. let me be clear, defeating isis and rolling back iran will require a greater investment of u.s. resources. sternly worded tweets and isolated airstrikes will not destroy this enemy. as we learned in the surge, embedded american advisers are key to training and motivating iraqis, sunni tribal's, and kurdish allies. they can provide good
intelligence, logistical resources, and call in close air support to direct devastating strikes that will bolster our partners on the ground. today, however, the administration is tying up our troops with political restrictions, preventing them from doing what is necessary to defeat isis. these restrictions must be lifted immediately and all the options must remain on the table. we need to stop micromanaging the military and broadcasting our limits to our enemies. as commander-in-chief, i will make decisions that are in the best interest of our national security. i will make these decisions they -- based on sound military council rather than political or bureaucratic advice. it was a political decision for the president to back away from
his red line and as long as isis has a safe haven in syria, it will continue to be a powerful force in iraq. because the administration ran away from its redline, syria's tyrant assad remains in power and is a magnet for radical islamic terrorism. no strategy to defeat isis can succeed while assad is still in power and iran is patron has a base of operations in damascus. therefore, we must do more than recruit. we must do more to recruit and support fighters in syria who oppose both isis and assad. the obama administration has trained only about 60 fighters. that is just not going to cut it. that is not going to cut it. a no-fly zone enforced by america and its allies would dramatically enhance this campaign on the ground. our efforts in syria and iraq
must be part of a broader, u.s. led regional coalition, with real guarantees from our allies that they will help us shoulder this burden. which brings me to the next step. the next step for defeating radical islamic terrorism, we need to stand with our friends. there is a reason why the president of the united states is called the leader, the leader of the free world. our allies are amongst our greatest resources of strength. as winston churchill once said, there is only one thing worse than fighting with our allies and that is with fighting with out them. adding support from allies only strengthens our position to defeat radical islamic terrorism, we need to restore alliances across the middle east. our traditional ally is israel and the sunni arab states are divided on many issues.
but one thread unites them all, the threat from iran and its proxies. for starters, i will restore our alliance with israel, the shining example of democracy in the middle east. there should be no daylight between our countries. in contrast, white house officials insult the prime minister of israel. sadly, they never seem to criticize iranian supreme leader and the revolutionary guard commanders who have oppressed people of iran and who helped kill thousands of our soldiers in iraq. president obama recently compared critics of his deal to these murderers. this is disgraceful. disgraceful. it ignores the very real opposition to the deal with iran from people all across this country and all across party lines. hillary clinton was instrumental
in launching the administration's shortsighted overtures to iran, and now, she strongly supports this bad deal. her disregard for top-secret, classified, and sensitive information on her e-mail server shows that she cannot be trusted to be the commander in chief. her support for the bad deal in iran shows she should not be trusted to support israel. if this deal goes forward, it will be remembered as one of the greatest foreign-policy failures in u.s. history. let me be clear, if congress fails to stop the nuclear deal, i will terminate it on day one. then i will immediately reimpose sanctions against iran and work with congress to impose even more crippling sanctions going forward. unlike others, i do not need
months or years to mull this over. i do not need to appoint a cabinet or consult a committee. anybody who does not know today, today, that iran deal is a bad deal, is not ready to be commander in chief. i am ready to the commander-in-chief on day one. i will also work to convince our allies to follow our lead on iran. so we are clear -- i have no illusions that this will be easy, but when did america shrink away from the challenges? i reject obama-clinton choice between this bad deal and another war. i val to turn up pressure across the board on iran. i refuse to live with the deal that threatens our safety and that of our closest allies. iran's nuclear program is part of a broader effort to dominate
the region that threatens our sunni arab allies. once you show them that we are committed to rolling back the power and influence of iran, it will encourage our allies to join us in our efforts against isis. president obama and hillary clinton refused to support those inside iran who spoke out about the oppression of this machine, somehow warning that it would undermine their outreach to the supreme leaders. this is wrong. america must always be a bright and steady beacon of hope for freedom anywhere in the world. next, defeating isis and rolling back iran will require us to rebuild and reform the tools of american power. many of you cadets will enter the military that sadly has been decimated by politicians. shockingly, the finest military
force ever assembled is being dismantled at the time when the threats to the united states are growing everywhere. as an american, this angers me. not as a candidate for president, but as an american. many of you are getting ready to put your lives on the line for us and we thank you. you deserve better. you deserve better. as commander-in-chief, i will make sure you have the resources you need to keep us safe from enemies, foreign and domestic, and i will make certain that you are armed on american soil so you and other service members are safe here as well. a strong military is important. not because we want to fight, but so we do not have to. when president ronald reagan rebuilt our armed forces, it led
to one of the most peaceful times in modern american history. our enemies feared us not because we were eager to go into battle but because they knew we could and we would if it were necessary to protect our national security interests. president reagan believed in achieving peace through strength. i do, too. and i will follow his example. the policy of the walker administration will be to confront radical islamic terrorism using the full range of our options. we must give our intelligence professionals the legal and constitutional tools they need to keep us safe. we must use economic instruments to deny isis and iran the money they need to fund their acts of terror. and we must identify and speak and we must identify and speak out against radical forms of